Churches of León
The Nicaraguan city of León has many historical and cultural treasures, such as museums and monuments, as well as a number of architecturally significant churches, with El Calvario, Sutiava, La Merced, San Francisco, and La Recolección being among the most noteworthy. Located on Calle de los Bancos (Bank Street), the Recolección church, which dates back to 1786, is notable for its dark yellow Mexican baroque style façade and is an easily recognized landmark in the area. Intricate columns decorate the church and the bell and clock tower add to its charm. The interior contains three naves, with the altars being superb examples of neoclassical style.
Located in the Subtiava neighborhood of León, construction of the Subtiava Church started in 1698, being completed in 1710. During the 1800s the church suffered some damage during a period of unrest and was left to deteriorate to an extent before being restored in the early 1900s. The interior has large wooden beams and pillars, while the façade and bell tower of the church are quite distinctive, making the ancient building stand out as special in its surroundings.
The San Francisco Church was built in 1639 and has a simpler façade to that of the Subtiava and Recolección churches. The arched door is flanked by two pillars rising up either side in a brown color, contrasting with the cream colored walls. The bell tower stands tall alongside the church, with the bells visible in the three arched openings. The colonial-baroque interior of the church is sparsely decorated. The San Francisco Church, and the neighboring convent, which was built at the same time, is located a few blocks to the west of the central plaza on Calle Real.
Located around four blocks east of the city’s central park, at the end of Calle Real, the Calvario Church is widely considered to be one of the most attractive churches in León. It is certainly one of the most colorful and richly decorated, with the centre section being painted in light yellow and the bell towers on either side in a dark pink. All the elaborate trimmings and pillars are painted in white, in stark contrast to the rest of the building. While it is not clear when the church was built, it is believed to have been in the earlier part of the 18th century, with some reconstruction being done in the early 1900s.
The grey exterior and white trimmings of the La Merced Church are a magnificent sight, made even more so by the blend of architectural styles being predominantly baroque, with elements of colonial and neoclassical style. The church was built in 1762, with some reconstruction being carried out on the tower in the late 19th century following damage caused by tremors. The interior was renovated in the early 1900s, with care being taken to conserve the original lateral front sides. Certainly, exploring the ancient churches of León can be a very rewarding experience.