Lago de Nicaragua (El Cocibolca – Las Isletas)

El Cocibolca (voz nahuatl que quiere decir 'el mar dulce'), llamado Lago de Nicaragua, es un lago de agua dulce. Está ubicado en Nicaragua, Centroamérica. Su extensión es de 8.624 km². Es el segundo lago de América Latina después del Lago Titicaca (de tamaño parecido) entre Bolivia y Perú. Es el único lago del mundo que alberga tiburones de agua dulce. El Río San Juan conecta el lago con el Mar Caribe, y el Río Tipitapa lo conecta con el Lago de Managua. La ciudad de Granada y el volcán Mombacho se encuentra en la orilla del lago. El lago tiene más de cuatrocientas isletas si se incluyen las Isletas de Granada y el Archipiélago de Solentiname, dos islas grandes que son la Isla de Zapatera y la Isla de Ometepe. En esta última se encuentran dos volcanes, uno de ellos activo, y que son el Volcán Maderas, un santuario de flora y fauna, y el Volcán Concepción Lake Nicaragua or Cocibolca or Granada (Spanish: Lago de Nicaragua, Lago Cocibolca, Mar Dulce, Gran Lago, Gran Lago Dulce, or Lago de Granada) is a massive freshwater lake in Nicaragua of tectonic origin. With an area of 8,264 km², it is the largest lake in Central America, the 20th largest lake in the world and only slightly smaller than Lake Titicaca. With an elevation of 32 m (105 ft) above sea level, the lake reaches a depth of 26 m (84 ft). It is intermittently joined by the Tipitapa River to Lake Managua. The lake is connected to the Caribbean Sea by the San Juan River, historically making the lakeside city of Granada, Nicaragua an Atlantic port although it is closer to the Pacific. The lake has a history of Caribbean pirates which assaulted nearby Granada on three occasions.[1]. Despite draining into the Caribbean Sea, the Pacific Ocean is near enough to be seen from the mountains of Ometepe. Before construction of the Panama Canal, a stagecoach line owned by Cornelius Vanderbilt's Accessory Transit Company connected the lake with the Pacific across the low hills of the narrow Isthmus of Rivas. Plans were made to take advantage of this route to build an interoceanic canal, the Nicaragua Canal, but the Panama Canal was built instead. In order to quell competition with the Panama Canal, the U.S. secured all rights to a canal along this route in the Bryan-Chamorro Treaty of 1916. However, the idea of another canal in Nicaragua still periodically resurfaces. Ecocanal is one of these projects. (wikipedia) 08.2007 VALPARD FILMS http://valpardfilms.free.fr